Constructed more than 4000 years ago, the ancient and most iconic tombs ever are ruins of the Old Kingdom's time in Egypt. The Pyramids of Giza, stand still until today, stealing the attention of the whole world and attracting millions to visit them every year.
The pharaohs of Egypt, believed they would turn into gods following their death and thus temples were built to honor the deities and the pyramid shaped tombs were awesomely made in an attempt to prepare the royalties for the afterlife. Usually, the pyramids were filled up with everything needed by the pharaoh.
The Great Pyramid of Giza "Khufu"
The first pyramid was Pharaoh Khufu's ( Cheops) , the building of which started around 2550 BC. Khufu's pyramid is the biggest one in Giza as high as 481 feet, and made up of around 2 million blocks of stone each one weighing from 2.5 to 15 tons.
For over 3800 years, the great pyramid was the tallest human made building in the world. It used to be coated with casing stones that’s helped form a smooth surface on the outside.
Today you can visualize the lower layer (core), although some of the casing stones can be seen in the base area.
Many theories exist regarding the way the Great Pyramid was constructed. The most supported theories mainly revolve around the pyramid being built through transporting massive stones through canals connected to the Nile using quarries and then moving or carrying them to the required place.
As for the second largest Giza pyramid, it was built by the son of Khufu, Khafre around 2520 BC.
The mind-blowing Sphinx, one of Khafre's remains is a monument made of limestone, resembling a creature that's half man (the head) and half lion (body). It's thought to be the legendary guardian of Khafre's pyramid.
The smallest Pyramid and the third ( at least smaller than the Khufu and Khafre) which is Pharaoh Menkaure's (Myricinus in Greek) built around 2490 BC. It is around 205 meters high today, thought to have been built 3rd in order following Pharaoh Menakure's. A big gap that can be seen in the surface of the 3rd Pyramid, was the result of attempts to demolish the pyramids during the 12th century AD.
Eventually it didn’t work out after 8 months of try so hard to break the world wonder.