Memphis – The Capital City of Ancient Egypt

Memphis  The Capital City of Ancient Egypt


One of the most vital cities of ancient Egypt, which for a long time stood as the sole capital of the magnificent kingdom, especially during the Old Kingdom.

To several pharaohs it was home, including Tutankhamun and other. The iconic city, sustained is vital role and position up until Christianity grew more powerful as a religion.

Where is Memphis?

Somewhere on the western bank of the River Nile, around 15 miles south of urban Cairo. The many sites of Memphis city include the Giza Pyramids, the Great Sphinx, the marvelous burial site "Saqqara" known for being the area where many of the Old Kingdom Pharaohs were buried. Loads of tombs there, many of which belong to Pharaohs in addition to nobles, who wanted to be buried there.


It all began with King Menes, founder of the ancient capital and unifier of Upper and Lower Egypt to form one great kingdom. Memphis gained so much significance during the Old Kingdom, which is reflected in the decision of many kings and influential character to be buried there.



Also, Memphis was a religious center for all followers of Ptah, the god of creation in Egyptian beliefs. In addition to that, the powerful city was a blooming trading center, despite having no direct contact with the river Nile, but only a canal connecting Memphis to the river.

Several temples were erected in Memphis : temples for Ptah, Sekhmet (wife) and Nefertem. Sadly, little remains of those temples. Word has it the Ptah's temple was once one of Memphis' most iconic and beautiful structures.

Alabaster Sphinx

Some of the Remains of Memphis

•King Ramses II statue, 40 feet long, missing some parts such as feet and lower legs.

•Alabaster Sphinx : smaller in size than the Great Sphinx of Giza, around 13 feet high and weighing more or less 80 tons.


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